Kirk R. Smith and Deng Keyun   |   2010
Type: Research Report
Topic: Adoption
Country: China
Although not remembered by many today, China probably achieved the largest improvement in energy efficiency in world history in terms of the population affected in one program. The National Improved Stove Program (NISP) and its provincial counterparts were initiated in the early 1980s and are credited with introducing nearly 200 million improved stoves by the late-1990s. Focusing on increasing biomass fuel efficiency to assist rural welfare, it extended fuel availability to villages and helped protect forests. Secondary emphasis was on reduction of household smoke exposures through use of chimneys. Although an immense accomplishment, the needs of the 21st century in China now call for another major effort, a NISP-II to bring today’s modern stove technology to China’s rural households that still contain three-fifths of its people. This is because there are major changes in our understanding of the impacts of traditional biomass and coal fuel use and in the expectations for social development in China that have changed the landscape for improved biomass stove programmes.